1
 Every citizen of India should know the Motor Vehicle Act , its provisions as         well as penalty. No one should bribery to traffic police, if any signal has been               broken or any rules have been broken do not take tension, just pay the fine and relax. These penalties are reasonable. when common man violates any traffic rules then traffic police tell us that its penalty is very high but only in Rs. Rs. 100 or 200 he will make us to go freely and we accept his offer. But its legally as well as morally wrong. we should pay our penalty according to law and never give bribe to any police or authorities.

The Indian Road rules, titled "Rules of the Road Regulation", were brought into effect since July, 1989. These rules are germane to the Indian drivers (all inclusive of two, three and four wheeler), while on the road to ensure an orderly traffic and a safer journey. Violation of these "Rules of Road Regulation" is a punishable transgression as per the city specific traffic police rules and the "Motor Vehicle Act".
Sr No
MV Act Sections
                  Offences
                                     Penalties
    First Offence
Subsequent Offence
1
177
        1.         Without Seat-belt
        2.       Without Helmet
        3.       Triple Riding
        4.       Wrong Parking
       5.       Any other offence which    is not covered under MV Act
        Rs 100/-
       Rs 300/-
2
179
Disobedience of lawful directions
        Rs 500/-
               -
3
180
Allowing unauthorized person to drive
Imprisonment up to 3 months or fine up to Rs 1000/- or both
               -
4
181
Without Driving Licence
Imprisonment up to 3 months or fine up to Rs 500/- or both
               -
5
183
Driving at excessive speed (contravening speed-limits)
       Rs 500/-
       Rs 1000/-
6
184
Driving dangerously
Imprisonment for 6 months or fine Rs 1000/- or both
If violates section 184 within 3 years, imprisonment  for 2 years or fine Rs 2000/- or both
7
185
Driving by drunken person, minimum alcohol in blood exceeding 30 mg per 100ml
Imprisonment up to 6 months or fine up to Rs 2000/- or both
If violates again within 3 years, imprisonment for 3 years or fine Rs 3000/- or both
8
186
Driving by physically or mentally unfit person
     Rs 2000/-
Rs 5000/-
9
189
Racing and trial of speed
 Imprisonment up to one month or fine up to  Rs 5000/- or both

10
190
Using vehicle in unsafe condition
       Rs 250/-

11
192
Using vehicle without registration
       Rs 2000-5000/-


Note : No penalty in case of emergency
Imprisonment up to one year or fine up to Rs 10000/-
12
192A
Using vehicle without permit
Rs 2000-5000/-
Imprisonment up to one year or fine Rs 10000/- or both
13
194
Driving vehicle exceeding permissible weight
Rs up to 2000/- plus additional amount of Rs 1000/- per tonne

14
196
Driving vehicle without insurance
Imprisonment up to 3 months or fine Rs 1000/- or both

15
198
Unauthorised interference with vehicle
    Rs 1000/-

16
207
Power to detain vehicle without RC, permit etc
Any police officer or authorised person can detain






Important Point to Note :

  • Minimum age required to drive a vehicle in public place is 18 years.
  • Motor-cycle with engine capacity not exceeding 50 cc can be driven by a person after attaining the age of 16 years.
  • Minimum age required to drive transport vehicle is 20 years.
  • No person is granted a learner's license to drive a transport vehicle unless he is having a driving license to drive a light motor vehicle for one year.
  • Any offence punishable u/s 177, 179, 180, 181, 182, 183, 186,190, 191, 192 and 194 of MV Act can be compounded by any officer authorised by state government. Once offence is compounded, accused is discharged.
  • A police officer can arrest without warrant if a person commits an offence u/s 184 or 185 or 197.
  • If someone takes away the vehicle without the consent of the owner of the vehicle , he is committing offenceu/s 197.
  • A police officer can not reduce the amount of penalty, only court can reduce.
  • Offence under MV Act can be compounded online through the police websites for which links to police websites have been given in the Investigating agencies page of this blog.
  • If someone is challaned for not having the pollution certificate, he can produce the pollution certificate of the vehicle within 7 days of  challan to the the concerned officer,he will not be fined.
  • Front light not half black is not an offence under MV Act, now.
  • The Hon'ble Supreme Court of India has prohibited the use of black films of any VLT (visual light transmission) percentage or any other material upon the safety glasses, windscreens (front and rear) and side glasses of all vehicles throughout the country. 

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